Hypermetropia Meaning: What is Farsightedness Vision?

Hypermetropia Meaning

Short Answer Hypermetropia meaning or farsightednesskind of eye defect, Hypermetropia, Long Sightedness, Hyperopia, one can only able to see the far objects clearly, Farsightedness meaning is the opposite of Myopia definition.

Detailed Answer Hypermetropia is an eye disorder in which one can only able to see the far objects(i.e objects far to his eyes) clearly, that is why Hypermetropia is also known as Farsightedness or also as a Hyperopia all are the. Farsightedness causes Near objects to be blurry and unclear.

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Eye Test: Farsightedness

What is Farsightedness Vision? 

Scientific Explanation  In normal cases light that enters on our eye will form an image on the retina that means eye lens focuses the light on the retina but in case of Farsightedness instead of retina light focuses Behind the retina causes to see only near objects.
let us understand Farsightedness with a diagram.

Normal Eye Diagram

Normal Eye Diagram

Hypermetropia Diagram / 
Eye with Farsightedness defect 

Hypermetropia Diagram , Eye diagram , Hypermetropia , Farsightedness meaning
Hypermetropia Diagram

How the light does propagates inside a hypermetropia eye? (Far Objects)

The light from the far object travels in the usual way. It gets focused on the retina only. No problems there.

How the light does propagates inside a hypermetropia eye? (Near Objects)
First of all the light rays from a near object coming towards the eye are almost parallel to each other. And when these rays enter the eye, they get converged behind the retina instead of on the retina. This is the reason for the blurriness.

What causes the light to converge in front of the retina rather than on the retina?

The small size of the eyeball is one of the reasons which results in this eye defect. Due to the shrinking of the eyeball, the distance between the lens and the retina is less than the usual. Because of this less distance between the two, the image is formed in behind the retina and not on the retina. 

Well, one thing we must note here is that the lens functions in its usual way. It does its work neatly as it is supposed to. The only thing is that the image is formed at a different position.

Causes of Farsightedness Vision

  •  Shortening of the eyeballs. In Farsightedness eyeballs of the person become too small.
  • Change in the Shape of the Cornea or an eye lens.
  • Can cause genetically.
  • Environmental factors.

Symptoms of Hypermetropia Vision

  • Blurry near vision is the main symptom of farsightedness.
  • Headaches.
  • Water in the eye during reading.
  • In farsightedness, you can see far objects clearly but near objects become unclear or different from far objects in initial stages.

Prevention of Farsightedness Vision

  • Farsightedness is prevented by proper eye care and a healthy diet plan. Nowadays it also becomes more frequent as myopia only in the US it is frequent to approx to 7.6% in children and teenagers because of our daily unhealthy routine and Lifestyle.

From above all mentioned methods healthy diet, wearing Glasses and Contact lenses are on top and from these two wearing glasses are more used because of the following reasons
  •  Less complicated.
  •  Fast results.
  •  Cheap.  

How do we overcome Farsightedness defect/ Hypermetropia Correction?

It can be corrected by using a convex lens. We place a convex lens in front of the hypermetropic eye.

What does this biconvex lens do?

It refracts light, but its main objective is to make sure that the image is formed on the retina only. By changing its shape, the lens controls the direction of the propagation of light. This ability of the lens to change its focal length is defined as the accommodation power of the eye.

 Correction of Hypermetropia / Hypermetropia Lens 

Hypermetropia lens , Correction of hypermetropia , farsightedness lens , Farsightedness meaning
Correction of Hypermetropia using a convex lens 

As we can see from the above the diagram that with the Convex lens of particular focal length remove the Hypermetropia defect in the eye. Convex lens converges the light so that it falls on the retina of the eye and make a clear image of the far as well as near objects.

Formula to calculate the focal length(f)

  1/f =1/u + 1/-v
By putting the values,
Q. The near point of hypermetropic eye is 1m. Find focal length and power
v = 1m = 100cm (distance of the image/ near distance
   u= 25cm (distance of the object)
We take u=25cm because normal cannot see the object near 25cm becuase focal length of our eye cannot decrease more than this limit

  1/f = 1/(25) +1/-(100)
f= +33.3cm = +0.33 m

Formula to calculate Power(P)

P= 1/focal length (for 'f' in m)P= 100/focal length (for 'f' in cm)
P= 1/0.33
P= +3D

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